The Lentons of Aberaman

Arthur and Samuel Linton of Aberaman were well-known names in the cycling world of the late 19 century. Some years ago, I was asked by a descendant of Samuel Linton to investigate the history of the family name as, despite all the references to the Lintons, the name was actually Lenton. My report was passed on by the descendant to a historian interested in the brothers so that the “correction” could be made. For any who might be interested in the family history of the Lentons/Lintons, this is the report that I wrote.

In addition to the copies of all documents referred to, I also have 16 newspaper excerpts (1893-1897) referring to the family. If any of this is of interest, please contact me via the About page and I will make them available to you.

I have also provided the report as a PDF – The family history of the Lentons of Aberaman.

The LENTON Family

The LENTONs of Aberdare appear to be the descendants of one family – that of John and Sarah LENTON – who came to Aberdare from Seavington St Michael, Somerset, in the 1870s.

In tracing the family, I have used transcriptions of parish records, census returns, articles in various newspapers and General Register Office index entries. Nothing which I have done can be said to be complete or free of error: source material should be consulted before being relied upon and further searches conducted.

The transcription of Seavington St Michael parish records is provided by volunteers and may be searched at freereg.org.uk.

The transcriptions of Aberdare and Aberaman parish records are provided in booklet form by the Glamorgan Family History Society (GFHS).

The General Register Office (GRO) index entries for the LENTONs/LINTONs of Aberdare are only a guide to the certificates which contain further information. I have compiled a separate list of entries for the surname LENTON/LINTON in the Merthyr Tydfil registration district: there may well be many family members on that list. A limited number of those entries are referred to in the context of this document.

The newspaper collection which I consulted has numerous references to the ‘LINTONs’ arising from their cycling achievements. Out of those, I have copied a Western Mail interview with Arthur ‘LINTON’ which provides a snippet of information about his father.

Census returns are available at ten-year intervals from 1841 to 1911. Whilst very useful, it is worth noting that children who were born and who died between the census returns will not appear on these records. Also, the census returns available prior to 1911 are records compiled from the forms which were filled in by householders, not the forms themselves. It is only in 1911 that the forms which were filled in by the householder are available. All census returns referred to are sourced and a copy provided separately.

The LENTONs at Seavington St Michael, Somerset

The parents of John LENTON were Samuel LENTON and Elizabeth MATRAVES who were married in the parish of Seavington St Michael, Somerset, in 1837 according to the transcription of the parish records.

Marriage on 14 Feb 1837 of Samuel LENTON and Elizabeth MATRAVES, witnesses Robert Ware, Sarah Ware, Register Number 30

Their first child was named Samuel.

Baptism on 20 Feb 1838 of Samuel LENTON, father Samuel, butcher, mother Elizabeth, Register Number 189

A further record in the burial register indicates that the child died.

Burial on 12 Mar 1839 of Samuel LINTON, 13m, Register Number 98

The 1841 census shows Samuel and Elizabeth LENTON at an unnamed pub in Seavington St Michael. The publican is John MATRAVES; whilst the 1841 return does not establish his relationship to the family, the 1851 suggests that he is a brother to Elizabeth (see later).

1841 census return for Seavington St Michael, Somerset

Name Age Occupation
John MATRAVES 50 Publican
Mary MATRAVES 50
Thomas MATRAVES 10
Samuel LENTON* 30 Butcher
Elizabeth LENTON 30
William ALL 20 Drover

*Separate household within a single building. All born in Somerset. Note that ages on the 1841 census were rounded down.

(Source Citation: Class: HO107; Piece 954; Book: 14; Civil Parish: St Michael Seavington; County: Somerset; Enumeration District: 6; Folio: 5; Page: 7; Line: 24; GSU roll: 474602.)

The parish register indicates that two further children were born to the family: Samuel and John.

Baptism on 23 Aug 1842 of Samuel LENTON, father Samuel, butcher, mother Elizabeth, Register Number 228

Baptism on 11 Oct 1843 of John Matraves LENTON, father Samuel, butcher, mother Elizabeth, Register Number 246

The 1851 census shows the family of Samuel and Elizabeth LENTON at Seavington St Michael, Somerset.

Samuel LINTON Head M[arried] 37 Butcher Stocklinch
Elizabeth LINTON Wife M[arried] 39 Seavington
Samuel LINTON Son 6 Seavington

(Source Citation: Class: HO107; Piece: 1927; Folio: 37; Page: 7; GSU roll: 221084.)

Son John LENTON is not with his parents – he is elsewhere within Seavington St Michael with John MATRAVES; his relationship is shown as nephew.

John MATRAVES Head M 63 Carpenter b Seavington St Michael
Mary MATRAVES Wife M 61 b Seavington St Michael
Thomas MATRAVES Son S 21 Baker b Seavington St Michael
Elizabeth MATRAVES Niece 16 b Seavington St Michael
John LENTON Nephew 8 b Seavington St Michael

(Source Citation: Class: HO107; Piece: 1927; Folio: 39; Page: 10; GSU roll: 221084.)

The parish register indicates that Samuel LENTON senior died in 1853.

Burial on 15 Apr 1853 of Samuel LENTON, 39, Register Number 173

In 1860, John LENTON married Sarah MALE.

Marriage on 25 Oct 1860 of John LENTON, 18, of Seavington St Michael, occupation attendant at Inn, father Samuel LENTON, butcher, and Sarah Male, 21, of Seavington St Michael, father John MALE, fruiterer, witnesses Edith Powell, John Male, Register Number 18

At the time of the 1861 census we find the young couple at Seavington St Michael, Somerset. It is worth noting that the entry above theirs shows an Elizabeth LENTON with the STUCKEY family.

John LENTON Head M 18 Labourer b Seavington St Michael
Sarah LENTON Wife M 21 Glover b Somerset, Barrington

(Source Citation: Class: RG9; Piece: 1633; Folio: 84; Page: 9; GSU roll: 542843.)

The parish records show the baptisms of children to the couple leading to the 1871 census. These records also show that between October 1867 and December 1868 John LENTON became an inn-keeper.

Baptism on 18 Dec 1861 of John Male LENTON, father John, labourer, mother Sarah, Register Number 405, Pr; received into the church Feb 18 1865

Baptism on 18 Jun 1865 of Ellen Louisa LENTON, father John, shepherd, mother Sarah, Register Number 445

Baptism on 6 Oct 1867 of Catharine Alice LENTON, father John, labourer, mother Sarah, Register Number 463

Baptism on 27 Dec 1868 of Arthur Vincent LENTON, father John, inn-keeper, mother Sarah, Register Number 477

Baptism on 20 Feb 1870 of Mary Elizabeth LENTON, father John, inn-keeper, mother Sarah, Register Number 487

The Catharine Alice LENTON shown above appears in the burial record for 1869.

Burial on 22 Jul 1869 of Alice LENTON, 2, Register Number 249

By the 1871 census, John M LENTON is an innkeeper at the Volunteer Inn, Seavington St Michael, Somerset. A son, William, is shown: I have not discovered a corresponding baptism entry for him.

John M LENTON Head M 27 Innkeeper b Somerset, Seavington
Sarah LENTON Wife M 31 Wife b Somerset, Barrington
John M LENTON Son S 9 Scholar b Somerset, Seavington
William LENTON Son S 6 Scholar b Somerset, Seavington
Ellen L LENTON Daur S 5 Scholar b Somerset, Seavington
Arthur LENTON Son S 2 b Somerset, Seavington
Mary E LENTON Daur S 1 b Somerset, Seavington
George Old Lodger Wr 31 Groom Inn b Somerset, Crewherne
Ann Rogers Servant S 17 Servant Domestic b Somerset, Hinton

(Source Citation: Class: RG10; Piece: 2402; Folio: 20; Page: 14; GSU roll: 835111.)

The Volunteer Inn is still in business in the village and has a web site — http://www.volunteerinn.eclipse.co.uk/.

The next baptism entry in the parish of Seavington St Michael is that of Samuel LENTON.

Baptism on 25 May 1871 of Samuel LENTON, father John, inn-keeper, mother Sarah, Register Number 500, Privately baptised, rec’d June 4

This appears to be the final entry for the family at Seavington St Michael, Somerset.

The LENTONs at Aberaman, Glamorgan

The 1881 census return indicates that son Thomas LENTON was born in 1875/6 at Aberaman, Glamorgan. Taking this together with the above baptism entry at Seavington St Michael, it seems reasonable to place the move of the family between May 1871 and about 1875.

In this context it might be worth noting that the GRO index entries for Merthyr Tydfil Registration District include the birth and death of a Charles LENTON (GRO birth entry for Charles LENTON, registered Mar 1875, Merthyr Tydfil, Vol: 11a, Page 525: GRO death entry for Charles LENTON, registered Mar 1875, Merthyr Tydfil, Vol: 11a, Page 359) and the death of a Thomas LENTON (GRO death entry for Thomas LENTON, age 2, registered Mar 1875, Merthyr Tydfil, Vol: 11a, Page 370).

In 1881, the family are shown living at 218 Cardiff Road, Aberdare, Glamorgan.

John M LINTON Head M 38 Gard[e]ner b Somerset, Seavington
Sarah LINTON Wife M 38      ”   ‘s Wife ,b Somerset, Barington
John LINTON Son S 19 Coal Miner b Somerset, Seavington
Georgina LINTON Daur S 16 Dressmaker b Somerset, Seavington
Arthur LINTON Son S 13 Coal Miner b Somerset, Seavington
Samuel LINTON Son S 11 Scholar b Somerset, Seavington
Thomas LINTON Son S 5 b Glamorgan, Aberaman
Mary A LINTON Daur 2 Infant b Glamorgan, Aberaman

(Source Citation: Class: RG11; Piece: 5324; Folio: 7; Page: 8; Line:  ; GSU roll: 1342282. Also page 9.)

An oddity is the name Georgina for the daughter. She is about the same age as would be expected for Ellen Louisa LENTON. Some light might be shed on this by noting a marriage index entry for a Georgina Elinor LINTON in 1885. (Marriage of Georgina Elinor LINTON, registered Mar 1885, Merthyr Tydfil, Vol: 11a Page: 600)

John LENTON junior married Fanny KEY in 1887. (GRO index entry — Marriage of John M LENTON, registered Dec 1887, Merthyr Tydfil, Vol: 11a Page: 786)

Their first child was baptised at St Elvan’s parish church, Aberdare (GFHS — Aberdare, Glamorgan — Parish Church of St Elvan, Baptisms 1863-1889) 

17 Jun 1888 – William John, son of John Matravis, a collier, and Fanny LENTON of 2 John Street

This shows John’s middle name as Matravis rather than Male.

The 1891 census shows John and Sarah LENTON living at 6 George Street, Aberdare, Glamorgan.

John LINTON Head M 45 Gardener b Somerset, Seavington
Sarah LINTON Wife M 45 b Somerset, Barrington
Arthur LINTON Son S 21 Coal Miner b Somerset, Seavington
Thomas LINTON Son S 14    ”        “ b Glamorgan, Aberdare
Mary A LINTON Daur S 11 b Glamorgan, Aberdare
Arthur EDMUND Boarder S 19 Underground Labourer b Somerset, Westport
Mark WILLAY Boarder S 19 Underground Labourer b Somerset, Westport

(Source Citation: Class: RG12; Piece: 4447; Folio 44; Page 34; GSU roll: 6099557.)

Son Samuel LENTON is staying with brother John junior at 13 Kiln Street, Aberdare.

John LINTON Head M 29 Coal Miner b Somerset
Fanny LINTON Wife M 23 b Shropshire
William John LINTON Son S 3 b Glamorgan, Aberdare
Alice Maud LINTON Daur S 1 b Glamorgan, Aberdare
Samuel LINTON Boarder S 20 Coal Miner b Somerset

(Source Citation: Class: RG12; Piece: 4446; Folio 73; Page 9; GSU roll: 6099556.)

The baptisms of John and Fanny LENTON’s children are shown in the parish register of St Margaret’s Church, Aberaman (GFHS — Aberaman, Glamorgan — Parish Church of St Margaret, Baptisms 1882-1930, book 3).

18 June 1891 – Alice Maud, dau of John, a collier, and Fanny LINTON of 13 Kiln Street

28 September 1896 – Sarah Jane, dau of John, a collier, and Fannie LINTON of 5 Gladstone Street

22 May 1902 – Arthur, son of John, a collier, and Fanny Augusta LINTON of 5 Gladstone Road

Samuel LENTON married Margaret Annie BUTLER in 1893 (GRO index entry — Marriage of Samuel Matravis LINTON, registered Mar 1893, Merthyr Tydfil, Vol: 11a Page: 621).

The baptisms of their children leading up to the 1901 census are shown in the records of St Margaret’s Church, Aberaman (GFHS — Aberaman, Glamorgan – Parish Church of St Margaret, Baptisms 1882-1930, book 3).

29 Jun 1893 – Arthur Augustus, son of Samuel Matravis, a collier, and Margaret Annie LINTON, of 212 Cardiff Road

6 July 1894 – Albert, son of Samuel, a collier, and Annie Margaret LINTON of 16 Llandewi Street

26 May 1896 – Mary, dau of Samuel, a collier, and Annie LINTON, of 50 George Street

1 Sep 1898 – Kathleen, dau of Samuel Matravis, a prof. Cyclist, and Margaret Annie LINTON of 30 George Street

It is perhaps worth noting here the appearance of Matravis in Samuel’s name.

Reference to John LENTON senior is made in an interview with son Arthur LENTON in the Western Mail of 25 October 1893. This refers to “John LINTON, of the Royal Oak, Aberaman” and refers to the trophies at the ‘hostelry’. As in all the articles that I have found, the family name is recorded as LINTON.

Further details of the LINTON brothers’ cycling success are covered in the copied article from Old Aberdare Vol 5.

Arthur LENTON died in 1896. The GRO index entry shows a middle name of Valentine – whether this is an error in the index or some other error is not clear. (GRO index entry — Death of Arthur Valentine LINTON, Aged 28, registered Sep 1896, Merthyr Tydfil, Vol: 11a Page: 395)

The 1901 census shows Samuel and Margaret Annie LENTON living at 30 George Street, Aberaman, Glamorgan.

Samuel LENTON Head M 29 Coal Hewer b Somerset, Seavington English
Margaret Annie LENTON Wife M 32 b Glamorgan, Aberdare Both
Arthur Augustus LENTON Son S 7 b Glamorgan, Aberdare English
Albert LENTON Son S 6 b Glamorgan, Aberdare English
Kathleen LENTON Daur S 2 b Glamorgan, Aberdare English
George Henry VILE Boarder S 27 Coal Hewer Somerset, Barington English

(Source Citation: Class: RG13; Piece: 5038; Folio: 100; Page: 6.)

Brother John junior is living at 5 Gladstone Street, Aberaman, Glamorgan.

John LINTON Head M 38 Coal Hewer B Somerset, Dunstan
Fanny LINTON Wife M 33 B Shropshire, Salop
William John LINTON Son S 13 B Glamorgan, Aberdare
Alice Maude LINTON Daur S 11 B Glamorgan, Aberdare
Sarah Jane LINTON Daur S 6 B Glamorgan, Aberdare
Nellie LINTON Daur S 3 B Glamorgan, Aberdare
Arthur LINTON Son S 1 B Glamorgan, Aberdare

(Source Citation: Class: RG13; Piece: 5038; Folio: 103; Page: 12.)

I have not been able to locate 1901 census returns for other LENTON family members. A reading of the death index entries suggests that Sarah LENTON might have died (GRO index entry — Death of Sarah LENTON, Est birth year abt 1846, registered Mar 1895, Merthyr Tydfil, Volume: 11a Page: 516).

John LENTON senior, though, apparently died in 1905 (GRO index entry — Death of John McTravis LENTON, Est birth year abt 1843, age 62, registered Jun 1905, Merthyr Tydfil, Vol: 11a Page:421). I have not been able to locate him on the 1901 census.

Further baptisms to Samuel and Margaret Annie LENTON are shown in the registers of St Margaret’s Church, Aberaman (GFHS — Aberaman, Glamorgan — Parish Church of St Margaret, Baptisms 1882-1930, book 3).

6 May 1907 – Edna, dau of Samuel and Annie Margaret LINTON of 30 George Street

30 Feb 1909 – Grace, dau of Samuel M., a collier, and Margaret Annie LINTON, of 30 George Street 

19 Jun 1910 – Edward, son of Samuel, a collier, and Margaret Annie LINTON of 30 Gladstone Street #

#More information is contained in the register.

The 1911 census returns show both John LENTON junior and Samuel LENTON in Aberaman. Both filled out the census return themselves, signing their names LENTON.

Samuel and Margaret Annie LENTON were living at 30 George Street, Aberaman.

Samuel LENTON Head Married  39 Coal Miner B Somerset Severton
Margaret A LENTON Wife Married 42 B Glamorgan Aberdare
Arthur A LENTON Son Single 17 Coal Miner B Glamorgan Aberdare
Edna LENTON Daughter 4 B Glamorgan Aberdare
Grace LENTON Daughter 2 B Glamorgan Aberdare
Edward LENTON Adopted Son 6

Further information: Married for 18 years, 6 children born alive, 3 still living, 3 died.

(National Archive Reference: RG14PN32518 RG78PN1857 RD590 SD4 ED39 SN370)

John and Fanny LENTON were living at 12 Duffryn Street Aberaman Aberdare

John M LENTON Head Married 48 Coal Miner Hewer B Silvton Somersetshire
Fanny LENTON Wife Married 43 B Wopton Bank Shropshire
William J LENTON Son Single 23 Coal Miner Hewer B Glam Aberdare
Alice M LENTON Daughter Single 21 B Glam Aberdare
Sarah J LENTON Daughter Single 16 B Glam Aberdare
NellyLENTON Daughter 12 School B Glam Aberdare
Arthur LENTON Son 11 School B Glam Aberdare
Jessie L LENTON Daughter 7 B Glam Aberdare
Wilfred G LENTON Son 4 B Glam Aberdare
Thomas Brinley LENTON Son 1 B Glam Aberdare

Further information: Married for 24 years, 11 children born alive, 8 still living, 3 died.

(National Archive Reference: RG14PN32515 RG78PN1857 RD590 SD4 ED36 SN145)

There is one further reference in the St Margaret’s church baptism records which might be of interest (GFHS — Aberaman, Glamorgan – Parish Church of St Margaret, Baptisms 1882-1930, book 3).

15 June 1919 – Nancy Agnes, dau of Arthur, a miner, and Grace LINTON of 16 Clarence Ter

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